More often, such states have become predatory, maintaining some order but also arresting opponents, muzzling dissent, nationalizing industries, and confiscating property. But that doesn’t mean every use of the word in critique of an argument is meant that way. Four years on, disqualified politicians find themselves censored in a stifled mainstream media. What meaning and practical value do Articles 4 and 10-A of the Constitution have? In August, journalist Imad Zafar tweeted about a call he received from the deputy director of the FIA in relation to a complaint against him by General (retd) Amjad Shoaib. The Congress today accused the central government of "muzzling dissent" and adopting an "ostrich-like approach" by "prosecuting" the newspaper and the journalist who exposed the alleged Aadhaar data breach. ... which would mean they will not be allowed to express dissent. On several occasions, the Human Rights Committees of the National Assembly and Senate have taken up the issue of FIA’s excesses. Your comment may take some time to appear. Even in the instances in which challans and FIRs are challenged, or have been quashed or discharged by court, there is no accountability of the FIA. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Checks need to be in place for that. Zafar later withdrew his tweet and posted saying he was sorry if anyone got hurt by the tweet ‘which was posted inadvertently’. ... Oliver explained, “frivolous suits with no legal merit specifically designed to stifle public debate or dissent. Accused of ‘hate speech’ and ‘defamatory’ remarks against state institutions, Farooqi was charged under Sections 500 and 505 of Pakistan Penal Code (PPC) and Sections 11 and 20 of PECA. Most curious of all has been the addition of Section 37 of PECA to FIRs, which is not even an offence but an overbroad power given to the Pakistan Telecommunication Authority (PTA) to regulate online content. After a meeting with joint opposition, the Pakistan Bar Council constituted a committee of lawyers who will provide pro bono help to journalists charged with political cases. Section 20 (offence against the dignity of a natural person) requires that the ‘aggrieved person’ be the complainant. How is a trial supposed to be fair without a fair investigation. Justice Isa is a sitting Supreme Court Justice and was represented by a stellar legal team. The news of his abduction drew immediate outrage, statements by international and local groups, and calls for recovery. Two days later, on September 11, 2020, an FIR was lodged against journalist and former PEMRA chairperson Absar Alam, under Sections 124-A (sedition), 131, 499 and 505 of the PPC, and 20 of PECA. Page 2 of 2 < Prev 1 2. It took a long drawn out process to arrive at this conclusion. Now the question is, what does Pakistan Democratic Movement have to offer in parliament through its members? Definition of muzzle. In an interview to MJTV, former DG FIA, Bashir Memon made several revelations about his time in office. The writer is a freelance contributor with an interest in religion. 2 : to differ in opinion Three of the justices dissented from the majority opinion. That authority lies only with the FIA as the designated investigation agency. The government and its police evidently seek to silence any challenge by muzzling the activists. For now, the looming prospect of the general election seems to be prohibiting politicians' responses. 4. to put a muzzle on (an animal or its mouth). Unanimously quashing the government’s reference against Justice Qazi Faez Isa, the Supreme held that the reference was malafide in law, meaning that there were legal and procedural irregularities and illegalities in the manner it was put together. The Prevention of Electronic Crimes Act (PECA), 2016 is the weapon of choice. Allegations of blasphemy have led to murders and violence in the past. Dissent in Islam. ... we possibly do not have a definition for it.” After all, in most cases, the objective is to exhaust the other party and send a message to others to maintain silence or face similar consequences. Each time a citizen goes “missing,” is arrested, has an FIR lodged against them or is summoned, depending on the profile of the individual, the network they are plugged into, politics of the day and ability of others to raise their voice for them, how soon they return and what eventually happens to the case against them, if often dependent on these variables. In Toor’s case, the FIR against him was registered in a far-flung tehsil of Rawalpindi. SPOTLIGHT | Muzzling Dissent: PECA’s Logical End, Dangerous Colonial Hangover: Time To Repeal Sedition Law. When FIA harassment is challenged before courts, typically they issue directions saying “no coercive action.” However, litigants are still directed to join the investigation which means appearing at the FIA office for questioning. An FIR was lodged by Syed’s brother, stating he had gone to a bakery near the house and did not return. We had already witnessed the destruction of the Babri Masjid, the rising fortunes of the economic and cultural right-wing and the riots, lynchings, killing of artists, anti-intellectualism and the muzzling of dissent that accompanied them. De jure power stems from the law of the land, for example the Constitution of Pakistan; in contrast, de facto power stems from whoever has greater power in practice.. Tweets dating back years were dug up and reported, mostly pertaining to some social or political issue. On October 24, 2020, Mian Dawood, a Lahore-based lawyer and court reporter, tweeted a ‘notice of attendance u/s 160’ he received from the FIA, requiring him to present himself before the authority. Posted by Lyle Shelton on September 29, 2019 Making some people unworthy of participation does not help debate. In two articles, we look at how an increasingly nervous regime is stifling dissent while putting … In August 2020, a statement on attacks on women in the media drew attention towards sustained attacks against them, which ranged from hacking attempts to sexualised slurs and even rape and death threats, leading many to self-censor and even question whether they should step back from journalism. Or emails by platforms such as Twitter, informing users “official correspondence” was received that their tweet was violation of “local law.”. In 2020, the second wave of this crackdown continues under the PTI government. Pro-Palestinians Accuse Israel Advocates of Muzzling Dissent on U.S. While journalists remain on the radar this time around too, the leader of the largest opposition party hailing from the heart of Punjab has been charged under a law his own government bulldozed through parliament with a two-thirds majority, and which his interior minister first weaponised against against journalists and members of opposition – PTI’s social media workers – for spreading “anti-state” and “anti-institution” content on social media. Such “legal” harassment usually achieves its goal of a retraction, apology or silence. 3. Their cases are still pending. He spoke about the pressure from the present government, to register cases and how he would serve reminders about the procedure under PECA for non-cognizable sections of the law, under which the FIA cannot act without first seeking the court’s permission. This, as it later became apparent, was in connection to the FIR against him, even though an application to quash the FIR was already pending before court. A copy of the complaint, despite requests, is never provided, unless these directions are issued by the court. The sedition case against them is ongoing. After Nawaz Sharif’s speech at the All Parties Conference, an FIR was registered against the PML-N leader and several other party members. Which way this settles and for how long, remains to be seen. When on September 4, 2020, he did not return, his mother filed a habeas corpus petition before the Islamabad High Court (IHC) for recovery. This has costs attached. Responding to anti-Israel campus activities 'is also free speech,' says ADL in … Social media needed to be regulated, said many. อม้า, Dictionary, Encyclopedia and Thesaurus - The Free Dictionary, the webmaster's page for free fun content, Nuzzle Up to Muzzles: Why and how every dog should learn to love wearing a muzzle, CHIP VICTORY IN BATTLE TO HALT DANGER DOG ATTACKS; KEEPING OUR KIDS SAFE RECORD CAMPAIGN FORCES CHANGE Government pledge action but mums of victims insist they'll fight on for muzzling, No to muzzles; You Say Email:letters@liverpoolecho.co.uk. But it was not as straightforward as that. Just a few days prior to this, on October 23, 2020, Ali Imran Syed, a journalist with Geo News went missing. They were granted bail but, like Mehsud, the High Court rejected Wazir’s bail application too. What is said online is not completely disconnected from what transpires offline. Ihtesham Afghan, a Pashtun Tahafuz Movement (PTM) activist also discovered there was an FIR against him, through a news report. Three days later, on September 14, 2020, journalist Asad Ali Toor tweeted a news report through which he came to know about an FIR against him. Bangladesh’s main opposition website has been shut down amid accusations the government is muzzling dissent ahead of next week’s general election. In January 2020, those protesting the arrest of Manzoor Pashteen in Islamabad were rounded up, arrested and put in jail. His disappearance was later attributed to a case of “mistaken identity.” This is similar to journalist Matiullah Jan’s narration of his abduction in July 2020. On October 1, 2020 a summon issued to journalist Arshad Sulehri was tweeted by Jan. As Sulehri was in the process of filing a petition, his house was raided. Democracy And Development: Why Pakistan Democratic Movement Matters? He was accused of using derogatory language about state institutions and individuals on social media. FIA routinely issues summons without first obtaining the court’s permission as required under PECA and its Rules. The accused in a criminal case has to appear at every hearing. He said there was discussion on it, but the vice-chancellor did not take their views into consideration. ... as different interests compete to shape and define its collective meaning through the political process. As has become practice in many instances, the summon was sent via Whatsapp. This is the 656th edition of the Spotlight on Green News & Views (previously known as the Green Diary Rescue). Jun 11, 2014 #21. arnisador Sr. Grandmaster. Translations in context of "museler" in French-English from Reverso Context: En d'autres mots, le gouvernement veut museler l'opposition. Leaving cases hanging is another harassment tactic. Nigerian Government Muzzling Dissenting Voices - Amnesty International - Politics - Nairaland ... Amnesty International has said that Nigeria is trying to muzzle dissent by arresting and intimidating journalists and protesters. The Sindh government and police took immediate notice. Both contained Sections 499 and 505 of PPC and Sections 11, 20 and 37 of PECA. There emerged a visible pattern: accounts of those affiliated with the PTM, AWP, Women’s Democratic Front and journalists – all those who were using social media to raise the issue of Pashteen’s arrest and the arrest of protestors in Islamabad – became targets. Iran Muzzling dissent and moving to a war footing. Lead anchors have been pushed off screen to YouTube channels. Unless concrete changes are made in the law and procedures, there is accountability, and the weapons employed against citizens, journalists, activists and opposition are defanged, resistance merely through public posturing and speeches will inspire little faith. Laws restricting free speech are therefore the antithesis of democracy, and they represent the … Are the liberal elites muzzling dissent? Continue Reading → Health Security For Pakistan: Are We Going To Learn Anything From 2020? Picked up in the middle of the day from Islamabad, outside the school his wife teaches at, Jan’s abduction was caught on CCTV. Social media today is their only avenue. The Congress on Monday accused the central government of “muzzling dissent” and adopting an “ostrich-like approach” by “prosecuting” the newspaper and the journalist who exposed the alleged Aadhaar data breach. The burden then falls upon those accused to point out the legal flaws through court challenges and navigate the bureaucracy that comes with it. These aspects require consideration at the preliminary stages of a case. The police have no jurisdiction to register and prosecute cases under PECA. With no accountability, there is no deterrence for the FIA or state to repeat their illegal actions against others, so they flout the law with impunity. Muzzling cultural dissent, at home and abroad. At the time it was FIA’s counter-terrorism wing which issued summons. How Central Asian States are muzzling dissent to stop the spread of news about Covid-19 (Part 2) Imposing new restrictions on the freedom of peaceful assembly and of association On 25 February, Dulat Agadil, a civil society activist in Nur-Sultan, the capital of Kazakhstan, died in police. Reversing such suspensions involved either deleting the reported tweet or filing an appeal and waiting for a decision. The one assigned to the thana where the case was registered or a designated PECA court since there were PECA offences in the FIR. The literal meaning of contempt is to criticize. The last thing the Home Secretary wants to do is gag the press. It was under the PML-N government that PECA was introduced. Remembering Firdous – The ‘Heer’ Of Pakistani Cinema, Electricity Tariff Increase | Debt In 5 Months | Courts On Property Business | Pakistan Newspapers, By-Elections Didn’t Help Pakistan Save Bengal From Secession, Women Action Forum Condemns ‘Fake News’ Being Spread In Meesha-Ali Zafar Case, Army Officer Murder Case: Man Sentenced To Death, Another Imprisoned For Life, PTI Official Account Tweets Childish Jibe At Indian Cricket Team, Later Deletes, Anti Terrorism Court Sends MNA Ali Wazir On Physical Remand Till Dec 30. How Central Asian States are muzzling dissent to stop the spread of news about Covid-19 (Part 2) Imposing new restrictions on the freedom of peaceful assembly and of association On 25 February, Dulat Agadil, a civil society activist in Nur-Sultan, the capital of Kazakhstan, died in police. Despite being in the middle of an ongoing global pandemic, a crackdown against journalists, political activists and members of opposition appears to be the number one priority for the state in Pakistan. Hi there! Sarnaik's move caused shouting and sloganeering from several Bharatiya Janata Party leaders including Devendra Fadnavis who, accused the "ruling coalition of adopting a two-faced approach when it came to freedom of expression of the media and also alleged that the government was muzzling voices of dissent in the media." JNU Accused of Muzzling Dissent Again, Teachers Under Scanner This Time. My disquiet finally reached a … Unless things change in the next few weeks, it would be the first time in the history of independent India that a prime minister will have spent an entire tenure without addressing a single press conference. Comment moderation is enabled. In some cases there were reversals and accounts were restored. However, there were suspensions even after reversals, when yet another tweet was reported. Yet, the FIRs against Toor and others were registered by the police. Law A judicial opinion reaching a conclusion contrary to that reached by the majority of judges deciding a case; a minority opinion. Initiating fresh proceedings against the FIA is not something everyone is in a position to do. However, the legal requirements set out under different sections of the law for speech to qualify as an offence, are not met. It took an increase in the number of cases and for them to be lodged against those from the same fraternity, class, ideological bent, ethnicity etc, for there to be some awakening and acceptance of what is happening, and the scale it exists on. These included several workers of the Awami Workers Party (AWP). It has even been compared to North Korean media for its extreme pro-government affinity and muzzling of dissent, and America’s Fox News which practises biased reporting in favour of the Republican Party. Such an order results in muzzling dissent. The investigation officer, when questioned by the court, said it was merely a ‘visit’ to confirm his home address. It has the effect of muting their criticisms, meaning consensus is the most likely outcome as the election approaches. Tolerance has come to mean disdain for social viewpoints which run contrary to the cultural orthodoxy of the day. He returned a few days later. Journalists, journalist unions, rights groups, the Pakistan Bar Council, members of opposition, all issued statements and called for his immediate recovery. The response from government officials was not just deflective but accusatory, painting themselves as victims, saying they were being “singled out.” A follow up statement endorsing the first and pointing towards a culture of abuse prevalent in all political parties was also issued. There is always the threat of cancellation of bail. Sections 11 and 20 of PECA are frequently added to FIRs. Muzzling the media . But the clampdown is also generating pushback and creating pockets of resistance. There are 440 dissent-related words in total, with the top 5 most semantically related being objection, disagree, protest, disagreement and opposition.You can get the definition(s) of a word in the list below by tapping the question-mark icon next to it. Continue Reading → Is PM Imran Khan Obsessed With The Media? It’s taken all this for the realisation to sink in all around, what the gravity of the situation is. Continue Reading → Notices are not always sent by post but via Whatsapp or other social media channels. That’s what the law requires, however, FIA routinely flouts procedures under PECA. Your email address will not be published. They held members of the ruling party and those affiliated with it, responsible for this. v.t. ... inability to tolerate dissent made worse by the tendency to be driven to frenzy even by well-meaning criticism in the media. Media and public attention was on his case throughout. Revisiting Sherbaz Khan Mazari’s Iconic Memoir On Power Play In Pakistan, In Another Incident Of Child Abuse, A 6-Year-Old Loses Eye Sight, Sahir’s Ode Of Love And Longing Commemorate Empress Nur Jahan, 3 Heartfelt Poems Expressing Grief Over The Fall Of Dhaka, Trump May Barricade Himself In The Oval Office, Refuse To Come Out Despite Defeat, New Directory Shows Cities In Pakistan Are Paying Taxes, Six Covid-19 Patients Died In Peshawar Due To ‘System Failure’ Says Inquiry Report, A Doctor’s Plea: “What If I Die Of Covid?”, Fall Of Dhaka And Pakistan’s Selective Amnesia, A General Election That Ended In Disaster With No Lessons Learned, The New Authoritarian Order Is Determined To Curb Free Speech. Platform manipulation through en masse reporting of selected accounts and tweets to stifle dissenting opinions has emerged as a new threat to expression. Accounts supportive of or belonging to those affiliated with the PTM found themselves suspended over ‘privacy’ violations. Yet citizens are subjected to illegal and roving investigations. The Prevention of Electronic Crimes Act (PECA), 2016 is the weapon of choice. Yet third parties routinely file complaints about the ‘harm to reputation’ caused to state institutions or officials, and these result in summons and FIRs. In reply to the opposition from BJP leaders, Anil Parab supporting … Who will compensate for the costs incurred and trauma faced? Ultimately he had to approach the Supreme court, which granted him bail. In December 2019, following the Students’ Solidarity March in Lahore, the organisers were charged with sedition. Common in the recent FIRs is the use of Sections 499 and 500 of the PPC and/or Section 20 of PECA – a non-cognizable offence. After much public outrage and court challenges, the charges were dropped and those arrested in Islamabad released. One tweet or a post on social media is all it takes for coercive action under the law. If and when the trial commences is not known. Toor received the summon at 9:32am, requiring him to be at the FIA office at 11am the same day. Speech under Section 11 (Hate speech) must be ‘interfaith, sectarian or racial’ in nature. Required fields are marked *. The Public Broadcasting Network (PBN) will provide acknowledgments to donors meeting tax requirements for property received by the charity as a gift. The first crackdown under it was led by then Minister for Interior, Chaudhry Nisar, in 2017. New Delhi: The Supreme Court on Wednesday said it would examine contentions that arrest of five civil rights activists in connection with Bhima Koregaon violence was an attempt at muzzling the voice of dissent. The illusion that rule of law prevails or that protections under the law and Constitution are readily available to all, or the notion that surely the FIA and state “won’t go that far,” has finally shattered. The Public Broadcasting Network (PBN) will respect the intent of the donor relating to gifts for restricted purposes and those relating to the desire to remain anonymous. AMONG other dysfunctional and anti-people characteristics of states that claim to be governing Muslim populations, one is the muzzling of free speech, dissent with the state or traditional religious narrative and open dialogue and debate. Members are at liberty to move bills. Critics pointed out that an FIR for sedition cannot be registered without the permission of the Federal Government. How Central Asian States are muzzling dissent to stop the spread of news about Covid-19 (Part 2) Imposing new restrictions on the freedom of peaceful assembly and of association On 25 February, Dulat Agadil, a civil society activist in Nur-Sultan, the capital of Kazakhstan, died in police. A joint director at the Securities and Exchange Commission of Pakistan (SECP), his car was found parked outside the National Agricultural Research Centre in Chak Shahzad. It took public outcry, media attention, notice by the human rights committee of the National Assembly and for his legal team to argue the merits and demerits of the charges before court, for the case to finally come to an end. A massive list of dissent words - that is, what the requires! Following the arrest of Manzoor Pashteen in Pakistan conform to the authority or of! Electronic Crimes Act ( PECA ), 2016 is the most likely outcome the... Is always the threat of cancellation of bail ADL in … Muzzling the media authority only... Charges were dropped and those arrested in Islamabad were rounded up, arrested and put in.! … Muzzling the media office at 11am the same day were rounded up, and! Fir for sedition can not be allowed to express dissent ' started by,! 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